According to recently released data, blacks had a higher increase in traffic deaths last year than any other ethnic group, even if Americans drive fewer cars overall due to the pandemic.
According to data from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration under the US Department of Transportation, the number of deaths since 2007. According to the administrative report, the number of blacks who died in such accidents has increased by 23% compared to 2019. This is the largest increase in traffic deaths among ethnic groups. The University of Connecticut Civil and Environmental Engineering Professor Norman Garrick (Norman Garrick) Said that these figures are sad, but not surprising. “In this country, the proportion of blacks as walkers is often too high,” Garrick said. “This is not voluntary. In many cases, blacks cannot afford motor vehicles. People who walk in this country tend to experience higher death rates from traffic accidents. Let’s talk eight to ten times more. It is the perfect storm of many terrorist forces.”
This may represent another way in which the health crisis has a huge impact on blacks. Even in the early days of the pandemic, the National Security Council found that empty roads proved more deadly, and the number of road deaths per mile driven increased by 14% in March.
Black people are generally more susceptible to traffic accidents; according to the 2021 report of Smart Growth America, a Washington, DC-based advocacy organization focused on urban development, between 2010 and 2019, black pedestrians are likely to be hit by drivers Sex is 82% higher.
Smart Growth America President Calvin Gladney (Calvin Gladney) said that the pandemic will only exacerbate long-standing problems. He said that the three main reasons black people are most affected by road injuries are: Infrastructure, design and racism. He said that a predominantly black community is unlikely to have pedestrian crossings, warning signs, and other safety mechanisms.
As a result of federal efforts to modernize national highways in the 1950s, many high-speed highways are located in or pass through communities of color. “For ten years, these deaths have been on the rise,” Gladney said. “You go to black and brown neighborhoods, you go to low-income neighborhoods, and you don’t see many sidewalks. You don’t see so many crosswalks. The type of street that crosses black and brown neighborhoods is like a mini highway with a speed limit of 35 or 45. This is especially common in black and brown communities due to past decisions based on race. “Almost no infrastructure funding means that people in black communities live in poor roads, dangerous areas close to landfills, almost no public transportation facilities, etc. In addition to the systemic nature of this issue, Gladney pointed out that social racism It also plays a role in the ever-increasing number of traffic deaths.
A 2017 study by the University of Nevada found that black pedestrian drivers are less likely to slow down or stop than whites. Gladney said that like the $2 billion US employment proposed by the president Plans like Joe Biden’s efforts include efforts to make public transportation more convenient and improve road safety.
Although the situation is terrible, it “can be resolved.” Biden said that some small policy changes, such as lowering restrictions in certain areas can save hundreds of lives every year. Federal efforts, such as the Complete Streets Act of 2021 proposed by Representative Steve Cohen of Tennessee. -The public roads will be safe and suitable for multiple modes of travel. “The pandemic reveals issues that people have been neglecting,” Gladney added. “They are the same streets and the same roads that have always existed. If we intend to achieve racial equality and close the gap, we can actually solve this problem.”